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Both HBS and modified WHI-OS identified 35 persons (7.3%)

as frail, partly comprising different individuals, whereas FI identified

86 persons (17.9%) as frail. Of the men, 102 (21.3%) were classified as

frail by at least one of the criteria. All three criteria significantly

predicted higher mortality (for HBS p < 0.001, forWHI-OS p < 0.001, for

FI p < 0.001), higher number of fallers (for HBS p = 0.027, for WHI-OS

p = 0.023, for FI p = 0.016), and lower HRQoL (for HBS p < 0.001, for

WHI-OS p < 0.001, for FI p < 0.001) for frail participants. There was no

difference in weight change according to frailty.


Frailty can be identified using a simple mailed ques-

tionnaire. While all three criteria separated frailty and predicted

important outcomes, FI identified more individuals as frail.


Sarcopenia prevalence: a retrospective study in a geriatric day


E. Populaire


, S. Gillain


, N. Berg




CHR Citadelle Liège,


CHU de Liège

Introduction and purpose:

To assess sarcopenia status in the geriatric

day hospital of CHR Citadelle according to the European Working

Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) and to determine

sarcopenic risk status. Afterwards, we try to establish a method to

detect patients who have risk of sarcopenia.


It was an retrospective study included 494 patients who

went to geriatric day hospital from February 2014 to November 2014.

Sarcopenia status was determined according to the EWGSOP guide-

lines. We use the 4 meter gait speed, the grip strength and the

bioelectrical impedance. We collect demographic, anthropometric,

medical and functional variables in patients

medical history. Result:

In these study, sarcopenia status was assessed among 136 patients

(28.9%). A logistic regression analysis was performed. Sarcopenia was

significantly detected when (p = 0.040 age grows), among women

(p = 0.040) and when BMI was low (p < 0.0001). When age, sex and

BMI were include any other variable was detected as significantly. A

predictive model build with age, sex and BMI was established but its

sensibility is low.


This retrospective study of 494 patients who went to

geriatric day hospital of CHR Citadelle. Sarcopeniawas assessed for 136

patients according to the EWGSOP guidelines. Only age, sex and BMI

show significantly influence on sarcopenia prevalence. Any method

included good sensibility and specificity was established to identify

sarcopenia risk among older patients.


Sarcopenia; Prevalence; retrospective study; Geriatric

day hospital.


Association between lean mass and dietary protein intake in

postmenopausal women

V. Povoroznyuk, N. Dzerovych, R. Povoroznyuk, I. Syzonenko.


Chebotarev Institute of gerontology NAMS, Ukraine


The skeletal muscle is a key component of the body

composition, and it is highly correlated with physical activity. There

are many factors leading to age-related muscle mass loss. Recent

studies attest to a strong connection of dietary peculiarities and the

body composition of elderly people. In this context, protein with its

prominent dietary status gains an especial standing as far as the older


s health is concerned. The aim of the study was to evaluate

the appendicular lean mass depending on the dietary protein intake in

the Ukrainian postmenopausal women.

Materials and methods:

The study involved 63 women aged 52


years, who, depending on their ages, were divided into groups: 52


years (n = 9), 60

69 years (n = 26), 70

79 years (n = 21), 80

89 years

(n = 7). To assess the dietary habits of women, we used the three-day

sampling method and SEC «Viria» software. Lean mass was evaluated

using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (Prodigy, GE). We also

calculated appendicular lean mass index (ALMI) by the formula:

ALMI = lean mass of upper and lower extremities (kg)/height (m




Examination of patients

dietary habits showed an age-related

decrease. Women of 80

89 years consuming less than 1.0 grams of

protein per 1 kg of body weight accounted for more than a half of

their group (57.1%), which is significantly different from the para-

meters established in women of 52

59 years (22.2%). For the purpose

of quartile analysis, women were divided into 4 groups depending

on their ALMI values: Q1

ALMI = 5.20

5.84 kg/m


(n = 15), Q2

ALMI = 5.85

6.25 kg/m


(n = 17), Q3

ALMI = 6.26

6.56 kg/m


(n =

16), Q4

ALMI = 6.57

7.65 kg/m


(n = 15). Women with the lowest

ALMI values consume the lowest amounts of dietary protein (F = 3.67;

p = 0.02). Significant correlations among dietary protein, nonessential,

essential aminoacids and ALMI values (r = 0.40, t = 3.44, p = 0.001;

r = 0.39, t = 3.30, p = 0.002; r = 0.35, t = 2.91, p = 0.005; accordingly)

were determined.


Further studies are needed to elaborate a set of recom-

mendations aimed at correction of nutritional habits observed in older

women of different countries.


Skeletal muscle and vitamin D level in women of various ages

V.V. Povoroznyuk, N.I. Dzerovych, T.J. Solonenko, O.A. Vdovina.


Chebotarev Institute of gerontology NAMS Ukraine


In recent years there has been a number of studies

examining the correlation between vitamin D status and skeletal

muscles. However, there are many different approaches to the role of

vitamin D metabolism and function of skeletal muscles. The aim of the

research conducted at the SI «D.F. Chebotarev Institute of Gerontology

NAMS of Ukraine» was to study the correlation between skeletal

muscles and vitamin D level in women of different ages.

Materials and methods:

The study involved 122 healthy women aged

20 to 83 years. According to the gerontological classification, the

examined women were divided into groups: younger

up to 44 years

(n = 35), middle


59 years old (n = 26), older


74 years

(n = 44), senile age


89 years (n = 17). Lean mass of the total body,

upper and lower extremities was evaluated using Dual X-ray

absorptiometry (Prodigy, GEHC Lunar, Madison, WI, USA). Strength

of skeletal muscle was evaluated using springy carpal dynamometer.

To determine the functional capacity of skeletal muscle we used a

«four-meter» test. To determine the level of 25(OH)D electroche-

miluminescent method was used with Elecsys 2010 analyzer (Roche

Diagnostics, Germany).


We determined a significant correlation between parameters

of lean mass (r = 0.45; t = 2.08; p = 0.05) and the level of vitamin D in

women of middle (45

59 years) age; skeletal muscle functionality

(r =

0.51; t =

2.29; p = 0.04) and the level of vitamin D in women of

older (60

74 years) age. We did not find the significant correlation

between parameters of muscle strength and level of vitamin D.


Significant correlation between parameters of lean mass,

skeletal muscle functionality and the level of vitamin D was

determined in women of middle and older age.


Sarcopenia in Ukrainian older women

V. Povoroznyuk, N. Dzerovych, R. Povoroznyuk.

D.F. Chebotarev Institute

of Gerontology NAMS, Ukraine

The aimof this study was to evaluate the frequency of sarcopenia in the

healthy Ukrainian women. Materials and methods. 390 women aged


87 years (mean age

57.50 ± 15.99 years) were examined. All

subjects were free of systemic disorders and obesity, and were not

taking medications known to affect the skeletal and muscle metab-

olism. The lean and fat masses were measured by the DXA method

(Prodigy, GEHC Lunar, Madison, WI, USA). Appendicular skeletal mass

(ASM) was measured at all the four limbs with DXA. We

ve also

calculated the appendicular skeletal mass index (ASMI) according to

the formula: ASM/height (kg/m2). Lowmusclemass values conform to

the following definitions: European guidelines (ASMI <5.5 kg/m



(EWGSOP, 2010), less than 20% of sex-specific normal population and

Poster presentations / European Geriatric Medicine 7S1 (2016) S29