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While VO2max scores of group 2 were better than group 1

(p = 0.001) significantly, TUGT scores were similar in both groups

(p > 0,91). There was a significant difference between groups in terms

of physical function (p = 0.001), general health (GH) (p = 0.001),

vitality (VT) (p = 0.001), role-emotional (p = 0.013), mental health

(p = 0.048). However Groups were similar with regard to bodily

pain (BP) (p = 0.124), role-physical (p = 0.260), social function (SF)

(p = 0,956) parameters of SF-36 questionnaire (p > 0,05). On the

other hand, a significant relationship was found between VO2max

and GH, VT, SF. TUGT was significantly corralated with BP, GH, VT, SF

(p < 0,05).


In this research it was concluded that high PAL

increases VO2max level and quality of life in community dwelling



aging; physical activity; cardiorespiratory; fitness.


Fatih district of geriatrics study: effective factors on depressive

mood in elders living in the community

G. Esen


, Z. Er


, G. Bahat


, C. Kilic


, S. Avci


, F. Turan


, A.M. Karan




Division of Geriatric, Department of


nternal Medicine,





Division of Geriatric, Department of


nternal Medicine,

Faculty of Cerrahpasa Medicine,


Faculty of


stanbul Medicine,





stanbul, Turkey


Geriatrics syndromes are clinical status that related

morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of geriatric syndrome, have

been reported in the elderly admitted to the polyclinic or hospitalized

in our contry. However, there is no similar study reported on the

elderly living in the community in the field. Within this scope, a

screening study was organized on the elderly living in the community

in Istanbul Province, Fatih District. Depression is increasing incidence

of aging and is a problemwhich plays an important role for morbidity

and mortality in elderly. In this report the effective factors on

depressive mood in the elderly who evaluated in geriatric study was

investigated in Fatih district.


The elders who lives in Fatih/Istanbul were chosen by

cluster sample. The third and forth grade students of Istanbul Faculty

of Medicine were served as interviewers. Interviewers took the

standard training about measurement. The elders who is age of

between 65 and 101 were taken for research. Cognitive states were

screened with GDS-SF to measure of life quality were surveyed EQ5D,

we evaluated with KATZ Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADL),

LAWTON-BRODY Instrumental Activities of DailyLiving Scale.

Disease, number of drugs, hypertension (HT), diabetes mellitus (DM)

and hyperlipidemia have been noted.


204(94 males, 110 females) elderly person were taken to the

study. The average of age was 75,4 ± 7,3 years. It is summarized that

demografic, cognitive, mood, functionality, verifies quality of life

assessment mutual distribution among the sexes in research popula-

tion. Illiteracy rates (p = 0,04), female gender (p < 0,001) demans

diagnosis and positive scanning of cognitif disorders (p = 0,04/

p < 0,001), dependence on ambulation (p < 0,001), fear of falling

(p = 0,001), the prevelance of chronic pain (p < 0,001), uriner incon-

tinans (p < 0,001), malnutrition (p = 0,002) are more common in

depressed patient. But there is no significant difference for the

preserce of fall DM HT obesity. Depressive events were more elder,

more morbidity, more using drugs and scores of fragility are higher

score of ADL, IADL, CDT, MNA, EQ5D and subjective health situation

were less than other people. Depressive mood related factors in

regression analyze (the dependent variable is depressive scanning

positive, the independent variables are age, gender, education, the

number of drug and disease, malnutrition, fragility the presence of

cognitive disorders, DLA scores, life quality score) female sex (p =

0,027) the cognitive of screening test positive (p = 0,005) and low

quality o life was (p = 0,014).


Female gender, cognitif disorder, poor quality of life are

outstanding risk factor for depressed mood in elders who live in

society mood situation assessment is specially important in elders

who have this risk factor.


elderly; geriatric; depressed mood; daily living activities.


Is inspiratory muscle strength related with functional capacity?

R. Francisco


, P. Fonseca


, M.T. Tomás




Escola Superior de Tecnologia da

Saúde de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal


The decrease in inspiratory muscle strength may affect

the respiratory health, especially in the elderly. Generally, the

handgrip strength is used as functional capacity indicator. Thus, our

objective was to verify inspiratory muscle strength in a sample of

elderly and investigate possible associations with measured handgrip



Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP in cmH2O) was assessed

using a dynamometer for respiratory muscles (MicroRPM


), whereas

handgrip strength (HG in kg) was evaluated using a hydraulic

dynamometer (JAMAR


). Body mass index (BMI in kg/m2) was

calculated from weight (kg) and height (m). The association between

MIP and HG was analysed based on Spearman

s rank correlation

coefficient for p < 0.05.


A sample of 21 older day-care center attendants (2 males and

19 females) aged 79 ± 6 years old with a BMI (29.6 ± 3.5 kg/m


) were

assessed. MIP scored 64.0 ± 19.8 cmH2O for males (around 65% of the

expected 98.2 ± 2.7 cmH2O) and 39.1 ± 19.5 cmH2O for females

(around 60% of the expected 64.1 ± 3.2 cmH2O). Moreover, a HG of

around 30.0 ± 9.9 kg and 24.2 ± 3.9 kg was obtained for males and

females, respectively, which were below average for both genders.

Lastly, a positive relation indicator between HG and MIP was attained

with p = 0.001 and rs = 0.660.


Results suggest an association between the diminishing

of MIP and the decreasing of the functional capacity measured by the

HG, indicating the importance of inspiratorymuscle training in elderly.

Nevertheless, further studies with larger samples are recommended to

validate these results.


Immigrants in geriatric rehabilitation: assumptions and opinions

about self-reliance and healthcare

K. Fräser-Scheffer


, M. van der Tas-van Vuuren


, P. de Man-Visser



M. van Eijk


, W. Achterberg


, R. Reis




Pieter van Foreest, Delft,



University Medical Center (LUMC), the Netherlands


In our multicultural society, cultural diversity is an

increasingly important topic in healthcare. Standards and values about

self-reliance and healthcare is influenced by cultural aspects. It is

unknown which cultural aspects are important in geriatric rehabili-

tation, and whether the current geriatric care offered is in line with

frail elderly immigrants expectations.


The goal of this qualitative research is to explore assump-

tions and opinions about geriatric rehabilitation, provision of care and

cultural aspects of healthcare. Included patients were admitted in

geriatric rehabilitation for stroke or hip fracture in one of the three

participating skilled nursing facilities. All patients were living at home

and were not diagnosed with cognitive disabilities before admission.

All underwent a semi-structured interview.


Interviews with 9 patients were analysed. Two types of

patients were identified: (1) Patients with a high self-reliance, who are

still in working life and have a spouse. They actively participate in

rehabilitation. (2) Patients with a low self-reliance, most of whom are

without a spouse. Goal of rehabilitation was often unclear and

participation in rehabilitation was low. There is an overall preference

for provision of care by informal caregivers when patients need help

with their (instrumental) activities of daily living.


Broadly 2 types of patients could be identified during

rehabilitation. In both groups the knowledge and purpose of geriatric

rehabilitation before admission was low or absent. Language-barrier

Poster presentations / European Geriatric Medicine 7S1 (2016) S29